Hops Substitution Chart with Hops Profiles

A comprehensive list of hops with possible hop substitutions and hop profiles. Find hop substitutions for your homebrew recipe and check the profiles of hops.

Hop Name Hop Alpha Acid % Common Beer Styles Possible Hop Substitutions Hop Characteristics
Admiral (U.K.)
13.5% to 16%
Ale U.K. Target, U.K. Northdown, U.K. Challenger Known for its bittering potential.
4% to 6.3%
- Cascade, Amarillo Floral, citrus, sharp, and piney.
8% to 9%
Ale, IPA Cascade, Centennial Citrusy, flowery.
15% to 19%
Ale, IPA Zeus A high alpha acid varietal known for its disease resistance.
7.9 - 8.3%
Belgian-style Ales Centennial, Chinook, Hallertau, Tettnang Very fine spice and herbal notes with subtle citrus characteristics
7.0 - 9.5%
Ale Styrian Bobek, Styrian Savinjski Golding Intense and pleasant displaying floral, pine and hoppy characteristics
Boadicea (U.K.)
8% to 9%
Mild floral and spicy characteristics with slightly grassy overtones
3.5 - 7.0%
English-style Ale - Intense and pleasant with floral, pine and hop overtones
Bramling Cross (U.K.)
5% to 7%
ESB, bitter, pale ale U.K. Kent Golding, U.K. Progress, Whitbread Golding Variety Quite mild, fruity currant aroma.
14% to 17%
American IPA, American Pale Ale, Stout Apollo, Zeus New Super High Alpha. The higher Co-Ho levels mean a not completely smooth bittering, but not as harsh as Chinook. (it's bittering properties are similar to Simcoe). Flavor and aroma are described as an earthy spice and herb, fruity and floral
Brewer's Gold
7% to 8.5%
English ale Bullion Bittering hop with neutral aroma character.
Brewer's Gold (German)
6% to 7%
Ale, heavier German-style lagers Northdown, Northern Brewer, Galena, Bullion Black currant, fruity, spicy.
6.5% to 9%
IPA, ESB, stout Columbus, Northern Brewer, German Brewer's Gold A rich hop primarily used for bittering. Intense blackcurrant aroma.
10% to 12%
Ales, Stous --- Pleasant, fruity aroma, with hints of pear and apple
4.5% to 7%
Pale ale, IPA, porter, barleywine Centennial, Amarillo, possibly Columbus Pleasant, flowery, spicy, and citrusy. Can have a grapefruit flavor.
7.7 - 9.1%
IPA - Mild herbal aroma with strong melon, lemon, lime and slightly spicy notes.
8% to 11.5%
All ale styles, has been used with wheat beer Cascade, possibly Columbus Medium with floral and citrus tones.
3.0 - 6.0%
English-style Ale Saaz, Styrian Bobek, Styrian Savinjski Golding Pleasant and hoppy, similar to traditional European varieties
Challenger (U.K.)
6.5% to 8.5%
English-style ales, porter, stout, ESB, bitter U.S. or German Perle, Northern Brewer Mild to moderate, quite spicy.
12.0 - 14.5%
American-style Ale Galena, Nugget Mild floral and citrus characteristics
10% to 14%
Pale ale, IPA, stout, porter, lager Nugget, Columbus, Northern Brewer, U.K. Target Mild to medium-heavy, spicy, piney, and grapefruity.
11% to 13%
Pale Ale, IPA Simcoe, C Hops Very fruity Citrus, peach, apricot, passion fruit, grapefruit, lime, melon, gooseberry, lychee fruit, pineapple, mango, papaya and other tropical fruit flavors and aromas.
5.5% to 8.5%
Ale and lager (good aroma for ale, good bittering for lager) Galena Medium and quite spicy.
11% to 16%
IPA, pale ale, stout Nugget, Chinook, U.K. Target, Northern Brewer Pleasant, with pungent aroma.
2% to 4.5%
Lager, pilsner, ESB Mt. Hood, Hersbrucker, French Strisslespalt, Liberty, Hallertauer Mild and pleasant, spicy and flowery.
El Dorado
14% to 16%
IPA, Pale Ale An intense, candy-like aroma of cherry, pear and fruit. Can taste like cherry Jolly Ranchers in extra-hoppy beers.
14.4 - 15.6%
- - A pronounced aroma profile with citrus, tropical fruit, floral and herbal characteristics. Specific descriptors include lemon, lime, papaya, apple, and green pepper.
9% to 12%
Wheat Galena, Nugget, Chinook Strong but pleasant aroma.
Falconers Flight (US)
IPA, Pale Ale Cascade, Ahtanum, Sorachi Ace Tropical, citrus, floral, lemon and grapefruit.
Falconers Seven Seas (US)
9% to 10%
IPA, Pale Ale Simcoe Fruity, citrus, spicy, earthy. A cross-breed of 7 "C" variety hops.
First Gold (U.K.)
6.5% to 8.5%
Ale, ESB U.K. Kent Golding, maybe Crystal A little like Golding family; spicy.
Fuggle (U.S.)
4% to 5.5%
Any English-style beer or American ale U.K. Fuggle, Willamette, Styrian Golding, U.S. Tettnanger Mild and pleasant, earthy and fruity.
Fuggle (U.K.)
4% to 5.5%
All English-style ales, ESB, bitter, lager U.S. Fuggle, Willamette, Styrian Golding Mild, pleasant, hoppy, and robust.
Galaxy 13% to 15% IPA, Pale Ale Citra, Amarillo, Centennial Tropical passionfruit, citrus hints of peach, mango. Similar to Citra but more fruity, less dank.
10% to 14%
Ale, porter, stout, ESB, bitter Nugget, Pride of Ringwood, Chinook Medium but pleasant hoppiness, citrusy.
Glacier (U.S.) 5% to 9% Americal Ale, ESB Styrian Golding, U.S. Fuggle, U.S. Tettnanger, Willamette Dual purpose hop with a citrus earthy aroma.
Golding (U.S.)
4% to 6%
Pale ale, ESB, all English-style beer U.K. Golding, Whitbread Golding Variety, U.K. Progress, and possibly the Fuggle family Mild, extremely pleasant, and gently hoppy.
Hallertauer (U.S.)
3.5% to 5.5%
Lager, pilsner, bock, wheat Liberty, Ultra, Hallertauer Tradition Very mild, pleasant, and slightly flowery, some spicy.
Hallertau Blanc
Hallertau Blanc
American-style Ale - Floral and fruity with passion fruit, grapefruit, pineapple, grape and lemongrass overtones
Hallertauer Gold
6% to 6.5%
- Crystal, Mt. Hood Known for its aromatic properties similar to Hallertauer.
Hallertauer Mittelfrüh
3% to 5.5%
Lager, bock, wheat, maybe pilsner Liberty, German Tradition, Ultra Mild and pleasant.
Hallertauer Tradition (Ger.)
3.5% to 5.5%
Mild-flavored beers Crystal, Liberty Known for its aromatic properties. A replacement for Hallertauer Mittelfrüh.
Hallertau Hersbrucker (German)
3% to 5.5%
Lager, pilsner, bock, wheat Mt. Hood, French Strisslespalt Mild to semi-strong, pleasant, hoppy.
12.0 - 17.0%
German-style Ales - Spicy, floral and hop notes with hints of pine, black pepper and melon
11% to 14%
Ale, lager Magnum or a high-alpha hop Pleasantly hoppy.
Hull Melon
6.9 - 7.5%
- - Distinct fruit characteristics including honeydew melon and strawberry flavors
Kent Golding (U.K.)
4% to 5.5%
All English-style ales, ESB, bitter U.S. Golding, Whitbread Golding Variety, U.K. Progress Gentle, fragrant, and pleasant.
3% to 6%
Lager, pilsner, bock, wheat Hallertauer Tradition, Hallertauer, Mt. Hood Mild and clean aroma, slightly spicy character.
13% to 15%
All beers, particularly lager, pilsner, stout Northern Brewer Known for bittering value and quality.
Mandarina Bavaria
7.0 - 10.0%
- - Distinct tangerine and citrus flavors
Mandarina Bavaria
12.0 - 15.0%
Lager Magnum, German Taurus, German Traditon Strong earthy, floral and citrus impressions
14.5 - 16.5%
Stout Columbus, Nugget, Summit Mild and resinous with floral and herbal tones
11.5 - 13.5%
IPA - A complex array of tropical fruit, citrus, berry, herbal, earthy and pine characteristics
Mt. Hood
3% to 8%
Lager, pilsner, bock, wheat Crystal, French Strisslespalt, Hersbrucker Mild, pleasant, and clean, somewhat pungent and resiny.
Mt. Rainier
5.0 - 8.1%
Lager Brewer’s Gold, Fuggle, Hallertau Excellent floral and noble aromas, with citrus and licorice overtones
13.5 - 17.0%
Barley Wine Brewer’s Gold, Fuggle, Galena, Magnum, Nugget Mild
Northdown (U.K.)
7.5% to 9.5%
All ales, porter - Fruity with some spiciness.
Northern Brewer (U.S.)
6% to 10%
ESB, bitter, English pale ale, porter, California (steam) beer Nugget, Chinook Medium-strong with some wild tones.
Northern Brewer (German)
7% to 10%
ESB, bitter, English pale ale, porter Chinook, U.S. Northern Brewer Medium-strong with some wild tones.
Northwest Golding
4% to 5%
Ale, porter, stout, ESB, bitter - Known for aromatic properties.
11% to 14.5%
Light lager Columbus, Chinook, U.K. Target, Galena Quite heavy and herbal.
11% to 13%
- Chinook Mild to medium, citrusy aroma, spicy.
5.0 - 8.0%
Belgian-style Ales Tettnang, UK East Kent Golding, Styrian Savinjski Golding Even dispersal of all aroma characteristics - fruity, floral, herbal and hoppy tones all appear
5.5 - 9.5%
English-style Ale Willamette Apricot, grass and clean floral charcteristics
Perle (U.S.)
6% to 9.5%
Pale ale, porter, German styles Northern Brewer, Cluster, Galena, Chinook Known for its aromatic and bittering properties, pleasant and slightly spicy.
Perle (German)
6% to 8.5%
Pale ale, porter, lager U.S. Perle, Northern Brewer Moderately intense, good and hoppy, fruity and a little spicy.
Phoenix (U.K.)
4.2% to 5.5%
All ales U.K. Northdown, U.K. Kent Golding, U.K. Challenger Similar to U.K. Challenger.
Pioneer (U.K.)
8% to 10%
Ale, ESB U.K. Kent Golding A mild, typical English aroma.
18.0 - 23.0%
- - Intense floral and pleasant mint tones
Polish Lublin
3% to 4.5%
Pilsner U.S. Saaz, Czech Saaz, U.S. Tettnanger Mild and typical of noble aroma types, spicy, herbal.
Pride of Ringwood (Australia)
7% to 10%
Australian lager Galena, Cluster Quite pronounced, woody, earthy, herbal.
7.0 - 11.0%
- - Pleasant, mild aroma
Progress (U.K.)
5% to 7.5%
Ale, bitter, ESB, porter U.K. Kent Golding, Fuggle Moderately strong, good aroma.
Saaz (Czech)
3% to 4.5%
Pilsner U.S. Saaz, Polish Lublin Very mild with pleasant hoppy notes, earthy, spicy, and herbal.
Saaz (U.S.)
3% to 5%
Pilsner, lager, wheat Czech Saaz, Polish Lublin Mild and pleasant, earthy and spicy.
5% to 7.9%
Lager, American ale, pilsner German Tettnanger, German Spalt, German Spalt Select Noble characteristics.
2.0 - 4.5%
Belgian-style Ales Hallertau Distinct spicy, fruit and citrus (tangerine) tones
12.5% to 14%
- Galena Known for its bittering and aromatic properties.
3.0 - 6.5%
Lager Saaz, Tettnang, German Hersbruker, German Spalt, German Tettnang Floral and fruit characteristics
12% to 14%
IPA Magnum, Summit Unique passionfruit, pine, earth and citrus characteristics
5.0 - 9.0%
Lager - Fruity flavor profile including hints of peach, grapefruit and passion fruit
Smaragd (Emerald)
4.0 - 6.0%
Ale - Predominantly fruity with strong floral and hop tones
Sorachi Ace
10.0 - 16.0%
Pale Ale - Unique lemon and dill characteristics
4.5 - 6.5%
Pale Ale - Pleasant but intense fruity flavors with mild floral, grassy, herbal and mint characteristics
Spalt (German)
4% to 5.5%
Lager U.S. Saaz, U.S. Tettnanger, German Spalt Select Mild and pleasant, slightly spicy.
Spalt Select (German)
4% to 6%
Lager, and any beer where noble aroma is wanted U.S. Saaz, U.S. Tettnanger, German Spalt Very fine Spalter-type aroma.
Spalt Select (U.S.)
3% to 5%
German lagers Tettnanger, Saaz Medium intensity and pleasant hoppy qualities. Medium-strong aroma with wild American tones.
6% to 9%
Lager, ale, pilsner Saaz, Polish Lublin Herbal, spicy, pleasant aroma, hint of floral and citrus.
Strisslespalt (France)
3% to 5%
Pilsner, lager, wheat Mt. Hood, Crystal, Hersbrucker Medium intensity, pleasant, hoppy.
Styrian Golding (Slovenia)
4.5% to 6%
All English-style ales, ESB, bitter, lager U.S. Fuggle, U.K. Fuggle, Willamette Delicate, slightly spicy.
17.5% to 19.5%
IPAs, Imperial IPAs Simcoe Orange, tangerine, citrus notes.
4.3 - 5.8%
Ale - Delicate (similar to Fuggle)
7.2 - 8.2%
- - Predominate citrus and lemon notes with cedar, pine, floral, pepper and subtle green melon notes.
Target (U.K.)
9.5% to 12.5%
All ale and lager Fuggle, Willamette Pleasant English hop aroma, quite intense.
12.0 - 17.0%
German-style Ales Citra, Magnum, German Traditon Strong noble characteristics
Tettnanger (U.S.)
3.4% to 5.2%
German ales and lagers, American lagers, wheat German Spalt, Czech Saaz Santiam An aromatic hop, mild and slightly spicy.
Tettnanger (German)
3.5% to 5.5%
Lager, ale German Spalt, German Spalt Select, U.S. Tettnanger, Saaz Mild and pleasant, slightly spicy, herbal.
15% to 17%
Ale Columbus Primarily a bittering hop.
Tradition (German)
5% to 7%
Lager, pilsner Hersbrucker, Hallertauer Mittelfrüh Very fine and similar to Hallertauer Mittelfrüh.
10.25 - 11.2%
Pale Ale Perle Pleasant and balanced with notes of melon, orange citrus, resin, spice and pepper.
Belgian-style Ales Ahtanum, Centennial, Chinook, Simcoe Strong floral, fruit and citrus characteristics
2% to 4.1%
Lager, pilsner, wheat, finish hop in ales Liberty, Hallertauer Tradition, Saaz Very good to outstanding, some Saaz-like qualities. Aromatic properties similar to Hallertauer.
4% to 5.67%
- Saaz, Hallertauer Mittelfrüh Aroma similar to continental European types.
15% to 17%
Ale, stout Nugget A bittering and aromatic hop.
WGV (Whitbread Golding Variety) (U.K.)
5% to 7%
Ale U.K. Kent Golding, U.K. Progress Quite pleasant and hoppy, moderately intense.
3.5% to 6%
Pale ale, ESB, bitter, English-style ale, porter, stout U.S. Fuggle, U.S. Tettnanger, Styrian Golding Mild and pleasant, slightly spicy, fruity, floral, a little earthy.
Yakima Cluster
6% to 8.5%
- - Used as a kettle hop for bittering.
13% to 17%
- Columbus Aromatic and pleasant.
14% to 16%
IPA, Pale Ale Centennial mango; papaya; orange; grapefruit; lemon; piney; spicy; pineapple; grassy; tropical fruit; citrus
9.4% to 12.1%
Pale Ales, IPAs, Blonde Ales Pacific Gem orange,slight grapefruit, tropical pineapple, strawberry, and melon aroma
India Pale Ale, Wheat, Pale Ale Falvors of citrus, peach and pine, aromas of stone fruit and mandarin

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